Carmo Vinhos wines are produced at Henriques & Henriques Vinhos S. A.that was founded in 1850 by Joao Joachim Henriques. Associated are: Belem's Madeira Wine Lda. (founded in 1932), Casa dos Vinhos da Madeira Lda. (founded in 1932), Carmo Vinhos Lda.: Carmo Vinhos was established in 1928 to ship Madeira wine to Sweden. In 1944, the company started to diversify its markets and included other Scandinavian markets and eventually Austria, Germany, the U.S.A. as well as Japan . For many years Carmo Vinhos were the producers and bottlers of Madeira wines for Harveys of Bristol for the British market and also for Australia , New Zealand and Denmark .
Carmo's wines have long been appreciated by many connaisseurs all over the world as fine classical Madeira wines. Henriques & Henriques is now the largest producer of Madeira wines in the island. Today the company is run by John Cossart whose father Peter Cossart entered the firm in 1938.
The history of Henriques & Henriques, founded by João Gonçalves Henriques goes back to 1850. After his death in 1912, a partnership was created between his sons, Francisco Eduardo and João Joaquim Henriques, hence Henriques & Henriques. From then on, Henriques & Henriques played an important role in viticulture and wine making on the Island and in 1913, the family interests were established as a firm, and by 1925, the firm concentrated on shipping its own wines instead of supplying them to other shippers.
With the death, in 1968, of the last of the Henriques, João Joaquim Henriques, known as "João de Belém", (who had no heirs) the company was left to his three friends and partners: Alberto Nascimento Jardim, Peter Cossart (who made 53 vintages with the company) and Carlos Nunes Pereira.
In June 1992, Henriques & Henriques undertook an expansion programme with a value of more than 5,000,000€ and invested in the construction of new premises in Câmara de Lobos and also on building a new vinification centre at Quinta Grande. The new premises at Câmara de Lobos house the offices, laboratory, tasting room, shop glass fronted cask stores (for ageing wines) and the basement below houses different sized stainless steel tanks for storage and blending.
In 1995 the company decided to plant at Quinta Grande a new 10 hectare vineyard next to the vinification centre. Henriques & Henriques is the only Madeira producer to own vineyards.
The Company uses the most recent technical innovations, but at the same time, maintains the family traditions of almost 200 years of producing finest Madeira wines. The full control of every aspect of its production has enabled H & H to nurture and sell wines of exceptional quality.
Contrary to most other Madeira wine producing companies, Henriques y Henriques owns some vineyards. In the 1990's they even established a new vineyard of 10 hectares (24.7 acres) which is accessible to machines. Also they built a new adega in Quinta Grande so that the company can work with state of the art equipment. All the vinification and estufagem (oven process) is done here. The wines then mature down in the Belem lodge.
Madeira lies isolated in the Atlantic some 400 miles west of the Moroccan coast. Its volcanic soil and sub-tropical climate produce grapes with flavors that are particularly intense and individual. The varied and distinctive styles of Madeira wine owe much of their character to gentle heating by the unique "estufa" process.